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History / Tudor Buildings at the Museum

An excellent example of an early furnished Tudor building. This building is very popular and lots of schools wish to use it every day, so please be prepared for delays. If you would like sole use of Bayleaf, it is possible to book it in the winter.


A typical late medieval style barn, build circa 1536. It was used to store and thresh cereal crops after the harvest, but may have been used to house animals at other times of the year. Examples of tools for harvesting, threshing and winnowing are on display inside the barn.


An original medieval house like Bayleaf with extended use into the Tudor period. There are four bays with the buttery and pantry at one end, two bays forming the main hall and the last bay which contains the solar. In the Tudor period a partition was added to form a smoke bay in the main hall, where meat may have been hung and smoked.


An example of an early Tudor farm kitchen.


This building was built at the beginning of the Tudor period and formed part of Butchers Row or Middle Street in Horsham. The two units had a shop at the front and sooted timbers tell us there were open fires at the back, possibly to cook merchandise.


A typical market hall of the 16th and 17th Centuries. At ground level there is an open area where licensed traders sold their goods. The upper floor was, used as a council chamber for meetings. Under the stairs there is a small lock-up for offenders. Horsham Shop and Titchfield Market Hall both offer opportunities to discuss trade and commerce in the Tudor period.


In the Tudor period a revolution in house building took place. The open hall seen in Bayleaf and North Cray was closed over to form a first floor and smoke bays with internal chimneys were inserted.' Bricks were re-introduced as a building material, mainly as infill for the timber framed structures instead of wattle and daub. Walderton shows the development from the medieval timber framed building to the Tudor brick and flint building.


 This farmhouse was built in the second half of the 16th Century and also clearly demonstrates the revolution in building techniques with two floors, an internal chimney with four flues and brick infill on the lower chambers. Pendean still retains some Medieval features such as wattle and daub infill on the upper floors and the use of diamond mullions instead of glass in the windows.

POPLAR COTTAGE Cannot be dated precisely, but from the style and details of its construction it is probably from the later 16th - 17th centuries. It has a 'smoke bay' over the fire in the hall. This is an intermediate stage of development between open fires in a hall and full chimneys. The house also illustrates the move towards complete two storey construction.